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Historical Medical Book Collection


The titles were chosen from the 500+ volume History of Medicine collection housed in the Charles S. Bryan History of Medicine Room. which includes a wide variety of materials of importance to medical, historical, and sociological research. This collection gives an indication of the kinds and numbers of medical books in the hands of physicians in South Carolina and reflects the education and training of doctors during the 18th and 19th centuries. Please see below for book descriptions.




If you enter a term of interest in the search box, all digital files will be searched.



Hippocrates upon air, water, and situation upon epidemical diseases and upon prognosticks, in acute cases especially. To this is added (by way of comparison) Thucydides's account of the plague of Athens, the whole translated, methodis'd, and illustrated with useful and explanatory notes.
Francis Clifton. London: Printed for J. Watts., 1734.

This translation of Hippocrates and Thucydide's works reflects the classical medical works available to doctors around 18th century in South Carolina. "Francis Clifton M. D. from Leiden 1724, Fellow of Royal Society in 1727, Fellow of Royal College of Physician in 1729, combined the Hippocratic method of case histories with Bacon's call for natural histories. ....Clifton recommended the use of a table to ensure regular collection of case histories" (from Vital Account by Andrea Alice Rusnock). Clifton also authored The State of Physick, Ancient and Modern, Briefly Consider'd.


An essay concerning the nature of aliments, and the choice of them, according to different constitutions of human bodies. In which, the different effects, advantages and disadvantages of animal and vegetable diet are explain'd.
Arbuthnot, John. London: J. Tonson, 1731.

"In 1730, Arbuthnot's wife died. The next year, he produced a work of popular medicine, An essay concerning the nature of ailments, and the choice of them, according to the different constitutions of human bodies. The book was quite popular, and a second edition, with advice on diet, came out the next year. It would have four more full editions and translations into French and German."
John Arbuthnot. (2010, February 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:06, March 11, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org


The family physician: being a domestic medical work, written in plain style, and divided into four parts.
Folger, Alfred M. Spartanburg, S.C.: Cottrell, 1845.

This work is valuable as an early publication of South Carolina's history of medicine. Dr. Folger took part in the Cherokee Emigration to Arkansas as attending physician, and lived and worked in Pickens, SC.
Z. D. Cottrell, the publisher, was an early teacher at the Spartanburg Male Academy circa 1837.
(From Landrums's History of Spartanburg , SC).


The Practice of Physick : or, Dr. Sydenham's Processus integri / translated out of Latin into English, with large annotations, animadversions and practical observations on the same ...
William Salmon and Thomas Sydenham. 3d ed. London: Printed for J. Knapton ... and W. Innys, 1716.

William Salmon (1644 - 1713), advertising himself as "Professor of Physick", was a writer of medical texts that savor to the modern eye of quackery ...The vademecum combines medicine with the pseudo-science of alchemy, fore-runner of chemistry, in a mix that is typical of the Early Modern approach." William Salmon. (2010, January 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:01, March 11, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org

"Although Sydenham was a highly successful practitioner ... his fame as the father of English medicine, or the English Hippocrates, was decidedly posthumous. For a long time he was held in vague esteem for the success of his cooling (or rather expectant) treatment of small-pox, for his laudanum (the first form of a tincture of opium), and for his advocacy of the use of Peruvian bark in quartan agues --- in other words, the use of quinine-containing chinchona bark for treatment of malaria caused by Plasmodium malaria" "Processus integri (The Process of Healing), is an outline sketch of pathology and practice twenty copies of it were printed in 1692, and, being a compendium, it has been more often republished both in England and in other countries than any other of [Sydenham's] writings separately."
Thomas Sydenham. (2010, February 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:03, March 11, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org


A compendium of the theory and practice of midwifery, containing practical instructions for the management of women during pregnancy, in labour, and in child-bed. . .
Samuel Bard. New York: Collins and Perkins, 1807.

The first obstetrics textbook written by an American, it becomes America's standard work on the subject and goes through five editions. "Samuel Bard (b. 1742, d. 1821) was an American physician. He founded the first medical school in New York. He was a personal physician to George Washington. His description of the disease diphtheria was instrumental in formulating treatment for that condition."
Samuel Bard. (2009, October 25). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:54, March 11, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org


This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract No. N01-LM-6-3502 with the University of Maryland Baltimore.